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如何选择加热棒

加热棒编辑 锁定 本词条缺少名片图,补充相关内容使词条更完整,还能快速升级,赶紧来编辑吧!加热棒是最常用的水族硬件,用于鱼缸内水的加热。

Lack of heating rod  edit  lock this entry card, added more complete, relevant content to make entry also can rapid upgrade, hurriedly to edit! Element is the most commonly used aquatic hardware, used for heating the fish tank in the inland waters.

中文名加热棒 寿 命一般两年 用 处鱼缸内水的加热 构 造双金属片 目录1 基本分析

Chinese element Two years life in general In the fish tank in the inland waters of bimetallic strip heating structure Directory 1 basic analysis

2 构造

220v-450w电热管

220v-450w电热管


3 使用体会

3 use experience

4 选择方法

4 selection method

基本分析

Fundamental analysis

编辑 1、加热棒的寿命:普通加热棒建议一般用个两年最好就换了,因为他内部的双金属片时间用久了,容易发生失灵的事情,毕竟又不是很贵的东西,换一个自己心里也踏实些,免得发生一些不必要的损失。

 editor 1, the service life of heating rod: ordinary heating rod advice generally better be changed in two years, because of his internal bimetallic strip with long time, are prone to failure, after all is not very expensive things, change a his heart is steadfast, lest produce unnecessary loss.

2.是玻璃的好还是不锈钢的好:这就很难说了,各有各的优点,一般玻璃的具有价格低廉(除某些特殊工艺的),使用范围广泛,可以应用在各种水族箱中使用,缺点就是容易打烂。大型鱼缸里如果使用的话必须配有防护罩,免得让鱼儿弄烂。不锈钢的优点就显而易见了,向坚固,耐用,外观看起来也很有质感。但是缺点就是某些具有腐蚀性的环境无法使用,比如说海水缸等。

2. Is the glass or stainless steel good: it’s hard to say, each have each advantages, general glass has a low price (with the exception of some special process), using a wide range, can be applied in all kinds of aquatic animals box, defect is easy to smash. Big fish tank if use must be equipped with protective cover, lest get rotten fish. The advantages of stainless steel is obvious, to solid, durable, appearance looks very simple sense. But the downside is that some of those corrosive environment cannot be used, such as water tanks, etc.

3.质量:其实国产的就可以,没必要非要买进口的,像佳宝的,创星的,银声的都还可以。我是比较属于支持国货的。加热棒的好坏可以从很多的地方区别,不一定是贵的就有保障,有些贵的他用的玻璃不一样,加热丝不一样,还有些加入了防爆性能,避免玻璃炸裂等,如果你不是粗心大意的,这些估计对你没有什么用的。这个很大一部分影响了加热棒的价格,但是他要是双金属片不跳的话,往往高档加热棒煮鱼汤的速度更快。还有不锈钢的,很多是用的电子控制温度的,由一个热敏电阻探测水温,经过转换后控制继电器或者大功率可控硅等,来控制加热管的通断.这样精确度是要比一般的双金属片高,但是如果热敏电阻或者可控硅等出了问题,他的加热速度就要比一般的玻璃的快。

3. Quality: domestic can actually, no need to buy imported, as guideposts, star, silver sound can also. I am more belong to support the Chinese. The stand or fall of heating rods can be from the place where a lot of difference, is not necessarily expensive is guaranteed, some of your glass, he is not the same as the heating wire, and some joined the explosion protection performance, to avoid glass crack etc, if you are not careless, no use to you in these estimates. This affects a large part of the price of heating rod, but he doesn’t jump if bimetallic strip, high heating rods boiled fish soup often faster. And stainless steel, many are with the electronic control of temperature, by a thermistor probe temperature, after conversion control relay or high power thyristor, etc, to control the on-off of the heating pipe. Such accuracy is higher than general bimetallic strip, but if the thermistor or out of the question, such as silicon controlled rectifier, and his heating speed is faster than general glass.

4.加热棒的修理:如果是玻璃的,一般都是玻璃被弄坏了,这样就只有换一个外壳,一般市面上有专门的玻璃管卖,换的时候注意不要把双金属片上面的可调螺蛳弄动了,要不加温就不准了.另外安装时注意密封不要漏水了(可以总结为废话了)。不锈钢的一般就没什么修头了,坏了最好换一根.如果是外调温的可以找一般的家电修理店,让他们帮忙看看,多半是可控硅烧了。

4. The heating rod repair: if it’s glass, are generally not glass is broken, so it is only in a shell, generally have special glass tube sold commercially, in pay attention to don’t get above the bimetallic strip adjustable spiral lions, or no heat. Also note seals do not leak when installation (bs) can be summarized as follows. Stainless steel, the general has little head, with the best in a bad. If the outer temperature can find general electrical appliances repair shop, let them help to look at, mostly silicon controlled burning.

5.多大的缸用多大的加热棒?一般是先算出鱼缸的装水量,一公升水相对1.5W-2W的加热棒最好,比如说,我的缸水容量是100公升,就可以用150W到200W的。如果大型缸,比如说容水300-400公升的缸子,应该用500W的缸子,但是尽量购买2根300W的,这样有个好处就是,加温比较快均匀,可以缸子一边放一根.退一步说就算是有一根发生问题也不至于把水迅速提高温度。

5. How much of a cylinder with how much heat rods? Is generally calculate the first tank of water, a litre of water than 1.5 W – 2 W heating rods are best, for example, my tank capacity is 100 litres of water, can use 150 W to 200 W. If large cylinder, such as capacity of 300-400 litres of water mug, it should use 500 w rims, but as far as possible to buy 2 root 300 w, there is one thing about this is that uniform heat faster, it can be put into side tanks one. To say the least even have a problem not rapidly increase the water temperature.

6.使用经验:平时使用的时候如果加热棒的外壳坏了,大家也不要慌张,一般不会将鱼电死的,只要把电断了拿出来换一根就行了.很多网友都是在换水的时候不注意,没有把加热棒电断了,当水面逐渐下降,低于加热棒了,加热棒由于受热不均匀,外壳碎裂,这时如果有鱼在附近的话,那就。…….正常使用一般是不会坏的,都是大家在换水或清洗时候拿出水面,没有断电,或是不小心碰到硬的地方造成的。注意要断电一会后在拿出来,否则余温也够你受的.

6. Use experience: use at ordinary times if heating rod shell is broken, you also don’t panic, generally will not be electricity dead fish, as long as the electricity broke out in a line. Many netizens are do not pay attention to when change water, no heating stick broke, when the water is falling, below the heating rods, heating rod due to uneven heating, fractured shell, and then if there is one fish in a nearby, then. …… Normal use is generally not bad, are you in in water or cleaning time out of the water, no electricity, or accidentally hit hard. Note after a power outage on to take it out, otherwise the remaining that you, too.

构造

structure

编辑 目前市面上普遍流行的主要有两种构造的。

 editor Now widely popular on market basically has two kinds of structure.

一是直接用双金属片控温,简单的说就是在加热棒内部放置一个双金属片,应为双金属片的两面用的是不同的材料,受热膨胀系数不同,利用这点就可以在达到你所设定的温度自动断开了,优点是构造简单,价格低廉,工作可靠性比较高。一般正规厂家生产的和假冒伪劣商品的区别很大一部分就是在这个地方了,假货采用的是劣质的东西,使用一段时间后容易发生疲劳了,造成在设定的温度不跳开,造成不可挽回的结果。缺点就是,不管哪种材质的双金属片,都有一个老化期,所以我在上面建议大家在用个2年就可以换一个了。

One is directly with the bimetallic strip temperature control, simple say is inside the heating rods placed a bimetallic strip, because both sides of the bimetallic strip with different materials, different thermal expansion coefficient, using it can achieve what you set the temperature automatically disconnect, advantage is simple structure, low price, work reliability is higher. General normal manufacturer of production and a large part of the difference between the fake and inferior commodities is in this place, fake goods are inferior things, use after a period of time prone to fatigue, caused in setting temperature does not jump, cause irreparable results. Weakness is, no matter what kind of material of the bimetallic strip, has an aging period, so I recommend on it with a 2 years can change a.

二是采用热敏电阻探测温度,用可控硅等来控制加热棒的通断。

, 2 it is to adopt thermistor temperature detection with thyristor to control the on-off of heating rods, etc.

1)热敏电阻和加热棒在一体的,这种的优点就是安装比较方便,没有太多的线,看起来比较好看。缺点也正是由于热敏电阻和加热棒距离比较近,往往造成加热棒内部温度实际上已经达到设定温度了,而鱼缸内水温确没有达到所设定的稳度,大家从平时的使用中就可以看到,加热棒一般是加个一会就停了,然后过一会有开始加温了。

1) thermistor and the heating rods in a body, the advantage of this is to install more convenient, not a lot of line, look better. Drawback is the thermistor and the heating bar is close, tend to cause the internal temperature of the heating rods actually has reached the set temperature, water temperature and an aquarium no achieve the stability of a set, you can see from the usual use, heating rods are generally add a stopped for a while, and then later have began to heat up.

2)热敏电阻和加热棒不是在一体的,这种的优点是,加温比较快,可以把热敏电阻和加热棒分别放到距离比较远的地方,这样正好克服了上面1)中的缺点。但是他的缺点也很明显,首先是多出一根热敏电阻的线,看起来不舒服,在就是万一热敏电阻不小心被你从鱼缸里弄出来了,呵呵,这样任你在怎么样的加温,他也检测不出来了,后果就是。…

2) thermistor and the heating bar is not in a body, this has the advantage of heat faster, can put thermistor and the heating rods, respectively, in the distance is far away, it is just as well to overcome the disadvantages of the above 1). But his shortcomings are obvious, first of all, is more than a thermistor of thread, looks uncomfortable, in one thousand thermistor is accidentally came out from the fish tank lanes by you, ha ha, so how are you in the heating, he couldn’t test result. …

使用体会

Using the experience

编辑 加热棒可能是最常用的水族硬件了,也许提不上什么经验可谈。我就自己的一点体会写下来,抛砖引玉,请大家指教。

 editor heating rod is probably the most common aquarium hardware, may carry on little experience to talk about. I will write down some experience of himself, the topic, please advise.

1.加热棒的品牌太多,现在国产的质量也比较过关,比如创新、银声等等,进口的如雷狼,积架的。加热棒是有使用寿命的,一般不超过两个冬季。时间久了,电线老化,触点氧化,可能会失灵。即使进口的加热棒,说明书上声称的寿命也在1-2年内。为了保险起见,可以将加热棒和温控器结合起来使用。国产的温控器就有很多品牌,价格也不高。把加热棒的温度设置得比温控器稍高2℃,这样双重保险,可以避免烧鱼汤的惨剧。

1. The heating rod brand too much, now the quality of the domestic is pass, such as innovation, silver and so on, import the thunder of the Wolf, the jaguar. Heating bar is a life, is generally not more than two in the winter. Time is long, the wire aging, contact oxidation, may be failure. Even imported heating rods, claims on the manual also in the life of a 1-2 years. To be on the safe side, can combine heating rods and the thermostat is used. Homebred thermostat has many brands, the price is not high also. Set the temperature of the heating bar a little higher than the thermostat 2 ℃, the double insurance, can avoid the tragedy of the burn fish soup.

2.加热棒的功率选择问题:一般按照缸的体积来计算,每升水应该有2w的加热功率,如果一个缸中的水有300升的话,那么加热棒的总功率至少在600w以上。冬天加热可能是最耗电的一项开支了。我强烈建议大家对自己的缸做好保温措施。买几块2厘米厚的泡沫板,把缸的后面和侧面贴一下,同时给鱼缸做一个密闭良好的盖子,可以极大地减少能量散失。这只要花点时间和少量的金钱,但是可以节省大量的电费,何乐而不为呢?要知道,交出去的每分钱都是我们自己的劳动报酬,干吗和自己的钱包过不去呢?

2. The power of heating rod selection problem: generally calculated according to the volume of a cylinder, there should be 2 w heating power per litre, if you have any 300 litres of water in a cylinder, so the total power of the heating rods, at least in the more than 600 w. Winter heating is probably one of the most power consumption spending. I strongly recommend that you keep heat preservation measures of your cylinder. Buy a few pieces of 2 cm thick foam board, stick the back and sides of the cylinder, at the same time do a good airtight lid for fish tank, can greatly reduce the energy loss. It take time and only a small amount of money, but can save a lot of electricity, so why not? Want to know, hand over to every penny is our own labor remuneration, stem and the knife in his wallet?

3.热棒的放置:养大鱼,应该将加热棒固定稳妥,因为有的大鱼甩下尾巴就能轻易将其撞到缸壁上打碎。加热棒不要埋在底砂里面,也不要直接接触玻璃。曾经有鱼友因为加热棒直接接触玻璃导致玻璃受热不均而破裂。将加热棒斜放或者平放,散热效果更好,尽管这样可能不好看。因为加热的水是上升的,因此垂直放置的棒,棒下部产生的热水与棒上部的温差相对较小,热传导就会慢些,这无疑降低了加热的效率,延长了加热时间,浪费了能源。对虹这样的比较笨拙的鱼,最好给加热棒加个套管,防止鱼烫伤。如果缸里面有两个加热棒,尽量将它们分在缸的两边,均匀加热。而温度计则应该放在离加热棒最远的地方,这样确保得到的水温不是来自刚刚加热出来的热水。

3. The placement of hot rod: goldfish, should be heating bar fixed reliable, because some big fish shook down the tail can easily be hit cylinder wall broken. Heating rod not buried in the bottom sand inside, also don’t direct contact with the glass. Friends have fish because of uneven heating rod direct contact with glass in glass heated and rupture. Put or flat, the heating rods inclined cooling effect is better, even though it may not look good. Because the water is heated up, so vertically rods, lower rods produced by hot water and the upper part of the great difference in temperature is relatively small, the heat transfer will be slowly, it certainly reduce the heating efficiency and heating time was prolonged, the waste of energy. For such comparisons are clumsy rainbow fish, had better add a sleeve to heating rods, prevent fish burns. If there are two heating in the cylinder rod, try to put them on opposite sides of the cylinder, uniform heating. While the thermometer should be placed furthest from the heating rods, so make sure the water temperature does not come from just out of hot water heating.

4.最好家中有备用的加热棒。否则万一棒在晚上坏了,你不用急得跳脚。

4. The best home heating stick with a spare. Otherwise one thousand bar is broken in the evening, you don’t have to worry the ceiling.

5.加热棒的红灯并不能表示工作状态良好,应以水温为准。因为如果电阻丝断了,水温下降,双金属片接通电路,但是并不能加热,于是红灯就长久地亮着。当然,有时候温度达到了,金属片没能断开,导致温度持续上升也是有可能的,这也会表现为红灯长明

5. The heating rod said the red light doesn’t work well, the water temperature shall prevail. Because if the resistance wire is broken, the water temperature to drop, bimetallic strip processing circuit, but not heating, then the red light is on for long. Of course, sometimes the temperature reached a metal failed to disconnect, also may cause temperature continues to rise, it will also show the red light is eternal

据多年养热带鱼的使用加热棒的经验来看!

According to many years experience of raising tropical fish using heating bar to see!

1:在鱼缸水位高度允许的条件下加热棒的长度是越长越好!因为加热棒越长其发热面就越多!热能交换的面就越多!热交换的时间就越短!

1: under the condition of water level in the tank to allow heating rod length is longer, the better! Because the more the longer the heating stick their heating surface! The more the heat exchange surface! Heat the shorter the time!

2:还有就是如果你的鱼缸使用一根300W的加热棒可以满足鱼缸加热的要求的话那么我建议你使用两根150W或者200W的加热棒这样就不会出现在只有一根加热棒的情况下如果该加热棒故障加上你的疏忽大意所导致的悲剧!准备两根加热棒就是考虑到两根加热棒不会同时故障故保证了你的爱鱼的温度要求!两根200W加热棒与一根300W的加热棒的耗电相差不多!(同样环境温度和保温的情况下而言)对此我专门用电能表进行过测试的!

2: and if you use a tank of 300 w heat rods can meet the requirements of the fish tank heating then I suggest you use 150 w and 200 w two heating bar so as not to appear in the case of only a heating bar if the heating rod failure and tragedy, as a result of your carelessness! Prepare two heating rod is considering two heating rod won’t fault at the same time to ensure the temperature requirements of the your love fish. Two 200 w heat rods and a 300 w heating bar of power consumption is about! (under the condition of the same environment temperature and heat preservation) I am specialized in watt-hour meter tested!

3:关于加热棒品牌也是很有争论的问题:

3: about heating rod brand is also a controversial question:

有人认为象雷狼等进口货对恒温控制的精确性高、使用寿命长(有鱼友使用6~7年以上还很好),还有人认为较省电,当然价格也。。。

Some people think that imports, such as ray, a Wolf to temperature control of high precision, long service life (fish friend use 6 ~ 7 years also good), some argue that the province electricity, of course the price also…

另外有人认为:进口加热棒省电区别也是很小的(一个月省1度电很大不了么?)。而从可靠来说,1个100多的进口加热棒,可以买7、8个15元的国产品牌(如银生),就算进口货能用5、6年(你放心么?),也不如国产的1年换一个可靠。从安全角度,15元的加一个40元的缸外温控器,安全性是不管多少钱的加热棒的单一温控可比的!!!其实加热棒的贵与便宜主要区别在对恒温控制的精确性,但这同样可以用一个缸外温控器来弥补。因此,理智的分析应该是使用15元的加热棒,加一个温控器。

Others think: heating rods imported power difference is very small (a month province 1 KWH very big deal?) . And from reliable, one of more than 100 imported heating rods, can buy 7, 8, 15 yuan homebred brand (silver), if imports can use five or six years (you trust? 1 year, and domestic change a reliable. From a security point of view, 15 yuan plus a 40 yuan outside the cylinder of the thermostat, heating of security is no matter how much good single temperature control than!!!!!! Actually heating rods of expensive and cheap main difference in the temperature control accuracy, but it can also use a cylinder temperature controller to compensate. Rational analysis should, therefore, is to use 15 yuan heating rods, add a thermostat.

不管进口的,还是国产的,最好还是买大家认可的品牌,量力而行吧。

Whether imported or domestically produced, it is better to buy everyone recognized brand, our strengths.

如何选购加热棒

How to choose and buy the heating rods

鱼缸的温度至关重要,而这个重任就在加热棒身上,找些资料奉献给大家:

The temperature of the tank is important, and that this task is on heating rods, find some data give you:

安全建议

Safety recommendations

加热器入水前,切勿通电。加热器在空气中升温极速,如不小心,可能会烫伤手,温度高时会炸碎。

Before entering the water heater, not electricity. Heater heats up in the air speed, such as not careful, may scald hand, high temperature will be blown.

你家的孩子可能会对恒温器上的旋钮感兴趣,如果旋钮没有保护罩,调好温度后,可将旋钮取下。

Your child may be interested in the knob on the thermostat, if there is no confinement knob, adjusted the temperature after a knob can be removed.

加热器是饲养热带鱼必须购置的设备。

Heater is raising tropical fish had to purchase equipment.

对在冬季非常寒冷的北方,饲养金鱼也应准备加热器,否则,一时的疏忽,如暖气暂时停供等愿因,造成不必要的损失。

In winter is very cold of the north, breeding goldfish should also be prepared to heater, otherwise, the moment of carelessness, such as heating stop temporarily for may cause, cause needless loss.

水族箱加热器花费不多,因为热带鱼的自然生存温度为24~28℃,保持适合的温度所耗电不多,一旦温度达到要求耗电就更少了。

Aquarium heater cost is not much, because natural survival temperature for tropical fish 24 to 28 ℃, keep the power consumption is suitable temperature, once the temperature reached requires less power consumption.

家庭使用的加热器大部分是单个小型加热元件。市面上有很多品种可供选择,而且多带有恒温控制装置,使用起来安全,可靠。加热器还有一个好处,就是用于治疗病鱼或为一些鱼类提供较高水温以促其繁殖。

Family to use most of the heater is a single small heating elements. There are many varieties to choose from, and more with constant temperature control device, safe to use and reliable. Heater has a benefit, it is used to treat disease or provide some fish with high water temperature in order to promote its reproduction.

加热器种类

Types of heater

电阻丝加热器

The resistance wire heater

由电阻丝绕再陶管上,放置在耐热、防水的玻璃管中。导线经防水密封胶盖连接电源。常见规格有50、75、100、125、150、200瓦,可直接浸入水中使用。

By the resistance wire around the earthenware pipe again, placed in the glass tube of the heat resistant, waterproof. The waterproof sealant cover connected power supply wire. Common specifications of 50, 75, 100, 75, 150, 200 tile, can be used directly into the water.

箱外加热器

Outside the box heater

现在出现了一种箱外加热器,就象一块电热毯,将水族箱放上去就可加热,比较费电。看来推广还得有所改进。

Now comes a heater outside box, like a piece of electric blanket, put up the tank can be heated, is inefficient. Seems to promote have improved.

低电压加热

Low voltage heating

这是一种比上述加热方式更安全的方法。但需要配备变压器,体积也较大,放在鱼缸中较粗糙,不好看。

This is a method of more security than the heating mode. But need to be equipped with transformer, the volume is bigger also, put in the tank is coarser, not good-looking.

选择方法

Selection method

编辑 选择加热器,必须考虑功率匹配的问题,一般地说,每5升水需10瓦的功率。例如,90厘米长、30厘米宽、38厘米深的水族箱,容积为100升,应选用200瓦的加热器。对较大的,90或以上的水族缸,需要使用两支100瓦加热器,并分置于水族箱的两端,这样受热均匀,效果更好。

 editors’ choice heater, power matching problem must be considered, generally speaking, every 5 liters of water to 10 watts of power. For example, 90 cm long, 30 cm wide, 38 cm deep aquatic animals box, volume is 100 litres, 200 watts of heater should be chosen. For larger, tanks and 90 or more, you need to use two 100 w heater, and points at the ends of the aquatic animals box, such heated evenly, the effect is better.

现在,小型水族箱也有配备大功率的加热器,但若加热器的性能不好的话,危险性就非常大,尤其是当加热器处于非正常的“工作”时,水会很快变热,甚至沸腾而烫死你的鱼,高温使玻璃缸也有可能爆裂。

Now, small aquatic animals box is equipped with high power heater, but if the performance of the heater is bad, the risk is very big, especially when the heater is in abnormal “work”, water will soon become hot, boiling hot dead you fish, even high temperature makes the aquarium is also likely to burst.

而且,水族箱越小,温度变化也越快。过大的加热器工作起来就会频繁的起动和停止,极易损坏恒温控制元件,而导致加热器故障。相反,大型的水族箱配小功率的加热器,仅能达到其最大负荷,当环境温度过低时,就没什么用了。V百科往期回顾

Moreover, the smaller the aquatic animals box, the faster the temperature change is. Excessive heater work will frequent starting and stopping, easy to damage the constant temperature control element, and lead to failure of the heater. Instead, a large aquarium heater with low power, can only achieve its maximum load, when the environment temperature is too low, it doesn’t do anything. V wikipedia to review period

相关元件 纠错

  related components Error correction

关闭纠错 温度传感器

Close the error correction The temperature sensor

有错误 已反馈 硅钼棒

There is an error feedback silicon molybdenum rods

有错误 已反馈 热电阻

There is an error feedback thermal resistance

有错误 已反馈 可控硅

There is an error SCR has feedback

有错误 已反馈 光敏电阻

There is an error feedback photosensitive resistance

有错误 已反馈 热敏电阻

There is an error thermistor has feedback

有错误 已反馈 不锈钢电加热管

There is an error feedback stainless steel electric heating tube

有错误 已反馈

There is an error feedback

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Statistical       entry

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Views: 120851 times

编辑次数:17次历史版本

Edit number: 17 times version history

最近更新:2015-06-25

Last updated: 2015-06-25

创建者:别了_爱尔兰

Author: don’t _ in Ireland

1 基本分析

1 basic analysis

2 构造

2 structure

3 使用体会

3 use experience

4 选择方法

4 selection method

推广链接

To promote links